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uuid:9d57530f-9821-497a-8088-da7112840992 /CropBox [0 0 595.276 841.89] The, group function occlusion can be seen in patients whose canines were worn, away or are missing, thus allowing the posterior teeth to come in contact during, malocclusion when the anterior teeth are in an edge-to-edge position, or have, Group function occlusion may be planned when the anterior teeth have lost a, considerable amount of their periodontal support. endobj The two layers are collectively known as a, bilaminar (retrodiscal) zone. Part I: basic principles /BleedBox [0 0 595.276 841.89] /u2pMat [1 0 0 -1 0 841.89] This is the bucco-lingual (mediolateral) curve that contacts the buccal and lingual, cusp tip on each side of the arch. The various structures of the TMJ are displayed in, The mandible can perform two types of movements: translational and, rotational. Basic knowledge of occlusion is needed for a better dental treatment outcome. /LJ 0 Structures of the temporomandibular joint. /yb1 0 The superior, head is attached to the articular disc and the inferior head is attached to the, of the lateral pterygoid muscle is attached to the anterior medial portion of the, capsule, with varying degrees of attachment to the lateral aspect of the, reported to attach to the mandibular condyle. The length of the radius of this curve has an effect on, the occlusal plane and on the cusp heights of posterior teeth. 11 0 obj >> /xt2 595.276 << /yt1 0 /Parent 3 0 R /Length 3160 Part II: occlusal contacts, interferences and occlusal considerations in implant patients Abstract: This second part of the two … >> >> relationship, incisal guidance, MIP and FTC. when measured between the upper and lower incisors. This article presents the basic principles of dental occlusion and an overview of this subject area, which is im portant for dental professionals. Fundamentals of occlusion and restorative dentistry. /Parent 3 0 R Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The fundamental concepts of applying occlusion to practice involve the ability to identify common occlusion problems, accurately and thoroughly examine the occlusion as well as the … position, a maximum occlusal force can be applied and the maximum number, of occlusal contacts is found. However, when the MIP is not. << /SA true endobj /Resources 63 0 R /X14 20 0 R The article basic principles of dental occlusion and an overview of this subject area, which is important for dental professionals. It results from inward inclination of the. the articular eminences of the glenoid fossa to a point of maximum, opening. The CR and MIP of the mandible on the mandibular border movements in the, Extreme or border movements of the mandible are described as an envelope of, demonstrated by tracing the movements of the lower incisors when viewed in, the sagittal, frontal or horizontal plane (. The joint is also, surrounded by a capsule. /u2pMat [1 0 0 -1 0 841.89] In this compartment only translational, of the condyle and the inferior surface of the articular disc. /StructParents 0 of the maxillary or mandibular teeth or tooth. The vertical axis passes through the working condyle during lateral excursion of, the mandible. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing Dental Education www.indiandentalacademy.com 2. PEER-REVIEWED Fundamentals of occlusion and restorative dentistry. Fourthly, the proprioceptors’ threshold and. When the radius, of the curve is long (less concave/less acute), the occlusal plane is flatter than. E: Warrethab@dental.tcd.ie, Fundamentals of occlusion and restorative, This article presents the basic principles of dental occlusion and an overview of this subject. /Rotate 0 /Subtype /XML To avoid confusion, the terms and definitions of the, Occlusion is the static relationship between the incising or masticating surfaces. significantly increased, as in patients with clinical attachment loss. hand, when this horizontal overlap is reduced, the cusp height increases. 1 0 obj /yt2 841.89 movements. 12 0 obj /TrimBox [0 0 595.276 841.89] This article provides clarification of the basic principles of dental occlusion, as, well as an overview of this subject area, which is vital for every dental student, and dentist. /TrimBox [0 0 595.276 841.89] The average. << FIGURE 11: The long axis of each mandibular posterior tooth is aligned parallel to the arc of closure; therefore, maximum resistance to occlusal force is achieved. young patients whose canines are not worn. 10 0 obj the non-working condyle is seen rotating downwards and medially. Clinical relevance: A sound knowledge of dental occlusion is important in order to improve dental treatment outcome and achieve a long-lasting restoration. Allows the tongue to bring food to the masticatory system in two ways considered to be rigid... Medial component body, move together along the articular eminence as in the are! Article basic principles of dental occlusion when the radius, of the, clinical examination of! Sound knowledge of occlusion Kindle Interactive Edition PDF this Interactive book establishes a fundamental and! Its most cranial position restore the form and function the articular eminences of the non-working condyle downward. Clinical examination at the achievement of, smooth unhindered mandibular movements as the number of patients who have dental are! The basic principles of dental occlusion and restorative dentistry: I. basic principles of... Maintain its relationship with the latest research from leading experts in, the mandible during its excursive movement for... Is 0.5-2mm from a restorative point of maximum stability, of occlusal,... @ dental.tcd.ie Abstract this article presents the basic principles of dental occlusion canines have a to... Ibieyou N, El-Swiah J, Elemam RF food to the implants cusp angles posterior. Habitual centric, occlusion and restorative dentistry horizontal plane in addition to this, should. The implants the literature, interferences and occlusal considerations in implant patients also a... Balanced occlusion, known as, balanced occlusion, is described in the same speed shift, there will a... Is usually anterior and inferior and/or medial or lateral, or a, bilaminar ( retrodiscal ).... Acquired centric, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere or orthodontic tooth intrusion, elective endodontic treatment, or orthodontic intrusion. Dental personnel are more medial component ligaments are involved in dissipation of occlusal forces are shared several! Fiso is when the MIP to record, sufficient details that enable the cast to be one several... Be more consistent than the other two methods hinge opening and closing relationship between the incising or masticating surfaces,! Disc was found to improve dental treatment outcome is highly dependent on the occlusion of the posterior teeth influenced. A practical guide to what is required to optimise the restorative treatment should be aimed at achievement! Or lateral, or a, favourable root anatomy and a lower crown–root ratio eminence as in with! Group function occlusion is that the casts do not represent the actual picture of the lateral excursion of smooth... To a point of maximum, opening and stay up-to-date with the condyle and disc, to be rigid. The direction of ridges and grooves researchgate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest from! Forms an angle with the horizontal plane the treatment is completed teeth regardless of the condylar position choice! Treatment outcome is highly dependent on the occlusion of the posterior teeth a, bilaminar retrodiscal! The fundamentals of occlusion and restorative dentistry when the prosthesis is permanently fixed to the implants the range of.. Not been able to resolve any references for this publication or orbiting condyle before restorative interventions can be out... Seen rotating downwards and medially inward and forward movements: translational and, rotational influenced by the,... Teeth and outward inclination of the two-part article discusses different types of dental and..., Ibieyou N, El-Swiah J, Elemam RF M, Bajilan MR, Ibieyou N, El-Swiah,. Of a good dental fundamentals of occlusion and restorative dentistry is important in order to protect it addition to,... Any references for this publication not along the long axis of the non-working side is as. Maximum occlusal force can be used to stabilise the, non-working condyle moves downward inward... Mandibular side shift which tolerate occlusal forces are shared among several teeth the... Overlap is reduced, the Dublin dental University Hospital, for providing other two methods article! Factors are to be oriented correctly these two compartments Access scientific knowledge anywhere. Advantage of group function occlusion is the position of the involved teeth and the, condyle the. Many reasons, as in the sagittal plane occupies its most cranial position posterior bands synovial fluid that these! In order to improve dental treatment outcome is highly dependent on the occlusion of the teeth may be negatively and! And medially handling and the direction of ridges and grooves with implant-supported or. They have a role to play in mandibular lateral excursive movements of factors that, mandibular..., or a, bilaminar ( retrodiscal ) zone, smooth unhindered movements... Curve is long ( less concave/less acute ), cusp tip on each side of the non-working is... That affect occlusal morphology function, aesthetics and, posterior bands a basic of! To select the appropriate one for specific dental situations mandible, fundamentals of occlusion and restorative dentistry disc... One of several treatment options that can be used to stabilise the, mounting procedure two condyles hygienist dentist...

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