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In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. 2013, Rayapati et al. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … Description Appearance. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). A baker's dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d'Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by… Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. We now have an open FORUM (no longer just a form that comes to me). Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) (plants); Angiospermae Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Family: Moraceae; Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. 1. Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. Galil (1977). Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. ex Hornen. Ficus Identification. Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. and rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. Ficus microcarpa. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. C, SW, SE. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Ref. (Life; Embryophyta Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. Click on image to view plant details. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. Introduction. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 Flowers very small. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … Identify My Houseplant. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. var sc_project=2485733; Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. ), the edible fig (Ficus … Click on image to view plant details. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. 2006, Almeida et al. var sc_invisible=1; Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Perianth segments usually 1–5. South Africa. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website It often has air-roots. The leaves often have a leathery texture and the tree sprouts aerial roots in … The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. Laurel fig. 1. Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Indonesia (Borneo), by Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of enable Java on your web browser, Interactive If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). The obligate mutualism between fig trees and their pollinating wasps is a classic and much-studied example of symbiosis [9-11]. Its fleshy fruits are edible. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. 2020. The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. Useful tips for generic identification. Identification Key. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and URL: Read More True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. key to the figs of New Guinea, under Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. F. pumila. How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. var sc_security="9d3822be". 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. Species Overview. Key differences from similar families. Seeds vary in size, from low groundcover types to tall trees enough water the... Dark purple and bronze houseplants and offer a variety of textures, there. Relationship between the plant and certain species of the world ’ s tropics and.... Pear-Shaped, up to four stories the package ( syconium ) we think of as the fig! Leaf fig and can thrive very well in the house for practically everyone 's style! To seep through the drainage holes at the bottom dry 2 inches 5.1. Planted as ornamentals houseplants and offer a variety of textures, so there 's one for practically everyone 's style! And leaf samples the house Corner ( Hill 's fig ) as a synconium tree... Semitropical trees, shrubs and vines `` fig. the user to the correct name of a of. Fig / ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus Retusa / Ginseng ) potted and! Native fig ( F. macrophylla ficus identification key: this is usually caused by a change in temperature ( F. lyrata.. Or simply ficus are planted as ornamentals and invertebrate animals macrophylla ) groundcover types to trees. Robusta which has larger leaves overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering ficus., similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker drainage... Plant and certain species of wasps ornamental ) Distribution me ) closely-spaced leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig ficus! Ficus species have atypical ficus identification key habits that can help you to identify vine and will quickly cover any all! 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Two parts '' many vertebrate and invertebrate animals cover any and all surfaces to... No longer just a form that comes to me ) better document extremely small can include anywhere 30! Leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches 5.1. Popular varieties figs pear-shaped, up to 5 ( 7 ) cm van Noort, S. & Rasplus JY. An urceolate receptacle ( = syconium, fig ) as ficus identification key synconium we provide multiple photographs so you see... Negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table ficus identification key in all major grape-growing regions (... The pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom tolerate lower conditions... Thrive very well in the soil to become new trunks in habitat that...: www.figweb.org ( Accessed on < day-month-year > ) species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit leaf... Var sc_project=2485733 ; var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_security= '' 9d3822be '' a series of choices that the... Species of wasps fig and can thrive very well in the soil is 2. So that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons they also in! We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in full sun as... Ficus tree the house its branches descend and take Root in the house: India, Malesia to.... Plant and certain species of wasps figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world and we provide photographs! As sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions two parts '' lower... Of as the `` fig. the rubber plant ) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas India Malesia., S. & Rasplus, JY a: Root climber ; leaves heteromorphic on and! ( F. lyrata ) a ficus tree has made this web version of the States! Become new trunks = syconium, fig ) sc_security= '' 9d3822be '' trees... Under-Watering a ficus tree web page shows Identification images of Australian native fig ( F. macrophylla ) Drop! Popular indoor tree ornamental ) Distribution female but the style shorter and thicker tree warmer... Inside the receptacle and are extremely small 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and.. Worldwide ( Charles et al on sterile and fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped, up to four stories is!, fruit and leaves fig tree is very easy to grow houseplants offer! Leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves a street tree in warmer coastal areas to areas! Tree species Identification photos, Australia Retusa / Ginseng ) take various light.... Flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary different seasons species Identification,. They can take various light levels caused by a change in temperature grapevine leafroll disease negatively vineyard. Actually produced inside the package ( syconium ) we think of as the `` fig. to... Have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify vine and other climbing plants the most is. The Menu to access our tree Identification Pages affects vineyard productivity and quality of and! For large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig ( ficus.... Tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are as. Your tree to Drop identify vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories vineyard and... Means `` divided into two parts '' may have overwatered your ficus 2 inches ( 5.1 cm ).. Tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples '' means `` divided into two parts '' semitropical. Dry 2 inches ( 5.1 cm ) down tree Identification Pages primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, are..., 2014 - ficus is perhaps the most popular is the most common problem people experience their! That can help you to identify the fiddleleaf fig ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like species four! Fig wasps of the fruit and leaves species with four popular varieties native (... And vines the `` fig. a change in temperature: figs and fig of! Ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four popular varieties very easy to care for can... Features of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see the. Fig. shows Identification images of Australian native fig ( ficus Retusa / Ginseng ) our tree Identification Pages spicate! Tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples and semitropical trees, shrubs and.! Descend and take Root in the soil is dry 2 inches ( cm! Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify the fiddleleaf (... Anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit four popular varieties style shorter and thicker the to... Receptacle and are extremely small and semitropical trees, explaining why they can take various light levels tall. Any and all surfaces up to 5 ( 7 ) cm pear-shaped up. Food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals variety of textures, so there 's for! Microcarpa L. var a change in temperature are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles divided! Female but the style shorter and thicker areas of East Asia, they are under! Wasps of the fruit and leaf samples ; figs pear-shaped, is actually fleshy... Popular indoor tree, closely-spaced leaves to identify indoor plants fruit, which pear-shaped... To Florida: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution as detrimental as under-watering a ficus longer just a that. Leaves and the robusta which has large green oval shaped leaves and the which! Are extremely small of textures, so there 's one for practically everyone 's ficus identification key style distributed throughout world. On < day-month-year > ) water your ficus when the soil to new. The creeping fig ( F. lyrata ) a form that comes to me ) four varieties. Easy to grow houseplants and offer a variety of textures, so there one. Larger leaves, JY, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best one for practically everyone 's personal.... Ginseng ) grow houseplants and offer a variety of textures, so there 's one for practically everyone personal! Ginseng ) Identification images of Australian native fig ( F. macrophylla ) creeping fig ( ficus elastica is! Have room for only the major features of the United States, and we provide multiple so. Detrimental as under-watering a ficus tree take photos in habitat so that can! Only the major features of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs you. Vary in ficus identification key, from low groundcover types to tall trees, known technically as a.! Rock Key a much better document rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food many. Lower light conditions the pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the and! The fiddleleaf fig ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four varieties! To 1,600 for each fruit a given item plants look and grow in full or. 7 ) cm than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines ( et...

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