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It has many spreading branches and a trunk that is rarely more than 7 inches wide. Ficus dictyophylla Wall. The Plant List (2010). Pl. Customer Service: Toll Free: 800-690-7875 San Diego County: 858-455-7256 Irvine, Orange County: 949-451-1800 Los Angeles County: 800-690-7875 Sacramento County: 800-690-7875 San Jose: 800-690-7875 San Francisco County: 800-690-7875 Louisville, Kentucky & Southern Indiana: 502-241-5854, Plant Maintenance Interior Plant Service Toll Free: 800-690-7875 San Diego HQ: 858-455-7256 Orange County: 949-451-1800 Los Angeles: 800-690-7875 Santa Clara: 800-690-7875 Santa Francisco: 800-690-7875 Sacramento: 800-690-7875 Louisville, Kentucky & Southern Indiana: 800-690-7875 Email us: info@myplantopia.com, Plantopia, Inc. 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Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Ficus varieties used in interiorscapes need to adjust to lower humidity levels and light intensities. FICUS SPECIES SUITABLE FOR BONSAI The following is a list of commonly used species; there are also large numbers of varieties of these species available and the suitability of these should be … Ficus prefer to not have soggy roots and do best when the soil mix is allowed to become moderately dry between waterings. illegit. Version 1. Surprisingly, Ficus can survive in the same grow pot, with a shrinking soil mass, for many years. Ficus nepalensis Blanco Ficus nitida Thunb. You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. 2: 1059. Ficus benjamina have dense, fibrous root systems that grow rapidly. F. lyrata, the monarch of all fig trees, grows to 40-feet-tall in the jungles of Africa with leaves up to 18-inches-long and pairs of one-inch figs along the stem. Results. Botanists disagree substantially with regard to the characterization of Ficus species. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. Roots can be damaged by improper moisture levels. To keep your ficus from getting tall and lanky, give it medium to bright light and water when the top inch of soil feels dry. Species Name . The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. The genus name Ficus is the Latin name for the edible fig. 459 1825 . al. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. Pl. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. riparium Hausskn. caprificus Risso Ficus carica var. IUCN 2012. Clean Ficus leaves regularly to promote healthy growth. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. Advice on how to grow ficus and care for it. Ficus species are sometimes called figs. Of these 830 are accepted species names. Fig wasp, (family Agaonidae), any of about 900 species of tiny wasps responsible for pollinating the world’s 900 species of figs (see Ficus). 2007. Some Ficus species are trees, some are vines and others are shrubs. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. J. Linn. 9. Many ornamental Ficus species exist, and probably. 1753. Ficus benjamina, part of the large Moraceae or Mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, India and Australia. Soc. Do not fertilize unacclimated, stressed or infested plants. F. lyrata, the monarch of all fig trees, grows to 40-feet-tall in the jungles of Africa with leaves up to 18-inches-long … Among the more famous species are the sacred fig tree (Pipal, bodhi, bo, or po, Ficus religiosa) and other banyan figs such as Ficus benghalensis. Ficus benjamina Wall. In temperate areas Ficus species are frequently grown as potted indoor plants. Ficus pedunculata Miq. Fertilize healthy plants with a complete water soluble fertilizer during times of active growth. The Plant List includes 2,746 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Ficus. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ficus (family Moraceae). We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. This extraordinary diversity of From Bot. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Bijdr. Ficus neapolitana Miq. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. The only noticeable result will be less healthy looking leaves (smaller and paler). Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Many species have large and extraordinarily beautiful foliage, which varies in color, texture, venation, and margination. Delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercial.is to list the common fig plants used in landscaping and. Ficus haematocarpa Bl. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. The genus Ficus falling within evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous species, which occupy almost any possible plant form, such as trees of large, medium and low growth, as well as shrubs, vines and climbers. Ficus colombra Gasp. Urostigma benghalense Urostigma benghalense (Linnaeus) Gasparrini, Ric. Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘ Alii’; and F. lyrata. Ficus Linnaeus, Sp. Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘Alii’; and F. lyrata. domestica Czern. Ficus benjamina Common names Benjamin-Feige in German Acacia spirorbis Acronychia laevis Aglaia elaeagnoidea Aleurites moluccana Alibiza guillainii Alphitonia neocaledonia Alyxia tisserantii ... Ficus scabra Fontainea pancheri Gardenia urvillei Garuga floribunda Geijera cauliflora Glochidion billardieri Guioa gracilis Gymnema tricholepis Ficus plants belong to the fig genus. Figs Ficus, Moraceae to reveal the history of the fig pollination mutualism PDF.U.S. Each species of wasp pollinates only one species of fig, and each fig species has its own wasp species to pollinate it. The Plant List includes a further 822 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Ficus. ex Wall. Fig trees have profoundly influenced culture through several religious traditions. The Plant List (2013) lists around 840 accepted species. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida. The tree’s root system, which is shallow and spreading, can sometimes cover 50 feet of ground, although in porous soils some roots can be as deep as 20 feet. Ficus grown in medium light conditions prefer to be slightly root bound, but plants in high light may need to be root pruned and repotted every 2-3 years. Ficus are popular decorative plants and are even used as religious symbols in some cultures. Ficus notobor Buch.-Ham. At the moment species coverage is largely limited to the Afrotropical region, but page development for the rest of the world's fig species is in progress. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. Form. Ficus sect. Ficus species are commonly grown as garden plants in sub tropical and tropical areas for their attractive leaves and for their fruits in the case of the edible fig Ficus carica. Ficus are susceptible to scale, mealybug, spider mites, excess soluble salts, Phomopsis die back and air pollution. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. 榕属 rong shu Trees, shrubs, climbers, stranglers, or sometimes woody epiphytes, evergreen or deciduous, with latex; monoecious species with male, gall (sterile female), and female flowers in each fig or dioecious with either male and gall flowers or only female flowers in each fig. 9. Ficus cordata cordata. Ficus albipila (Miq.) 105-121. Ficus dottata Gasp. Medium to bright light. Version 2012.2. www.iucnredlist.org. Those species are found across all of the six subgenera of the genus Ficus.For distribution, 98 species from the Indo-Australasian region, 27 species from the African tropics (with one species, F. palmata, from both the two regions) and 8 from the Neotropics. If you prefer, you can mix up a mild solution of 1-2 tsp of dish soap and 2 tbsp of alcohol mixed in 1 quart of water. Ficus polymorpha Gasp. In medium light (100 – 200fc), allow growing media to dry down 1/3 of container; in higher light conditions allow media to dry down 2″ to 1/4″ of pot. ex Decne. Ficus carpentariensis a new sandpaperfig for northern Australia and a revision of the F. opposita complex (Moraceae: Ficus subg. Despite differences in appearance, most Ficus species have similar preferences. Ficus lucida Aiton Ficus neglecta Decne. As the Ficus adjusts to the lower light levels, it drops leaves it can. How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Ficus vulgaris Bubani, 1897 Homonyms BASIONYM: Ficus benghalensis Linnaeus 1753. King: Accepted: WCSP (in review) Ficus albomaculata C.C.Berg: … Ficus carica var. Ficus benghalensis: Banyan Ficus benjamina: Weeping Fig Ficus carica: Fig tree, common fig … Then, gently wipe branches and trunk with soap solution and a sponge to remove dust, pests and sap. While Ficus species prefer strong light, they can adapt and remain alive in fairly low light (125fc) for a remarkably long period of time if water levels are kept low. Ficus kopetdagensis Pachom. Downloaded on 04 January 2012. Most Ficus species are evergreen, but some are completely deciduous (such as Ficus carica), depending on seasonal temperatures and rainfall. Underwatered plants develop symptoms such as mottled yellow leaves, leaf drop and withered stems. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. BASIONYM: Ficus benghalensis Linnaeus 1753. Commercial solutions such as Leaf-Tek work well at cleaning built up grime and dust on foliage. They flourish in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and America. Terms and Conditions — To begin the acclimatization process, Ficus grown in direct sun are moved to shade houses for 8 to 10 weeks before they are shipped to interiorscapers. Ficus bonsai should be given as much light as possible to encourage strong growth. Meanwhile, overwatered plants drop green leaves, show signs of stunted and pale new growth, and may develop root and stem rot. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. 1805, nom. Casuarina species bishopwood Bischofia javanica Brazilian pepper, Florida holly Schinus terebinthifolius carrotwood Cupianopsis anacardioides Chinese tallow Sapium sebiferum cork tree Thespesia populnea Cuban laurel fig Ficus retusa downy rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus earleaf acacia 2: 189. (2009): An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. In Asi… & Rav. F. Benjamina has glossy green elliptical-shaped leaves and a light tan colored trunk. Too little will result in the oldest leaves turning yellow and dropping. A taxonomic revision of the Australian Ficus species in the section Malvanthera (Ficus subg. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. On the other hand, several species are epiphytes and other hemiepiphytes, while some are rheophytes and some other purely lithophytes. Species numbers have been reported as ranging from 600 to as many as 2000. The most well known species of the Ficusgenus is the Common Fig (Ficus carica)which is a … Although more than 800 species belong to the Ficus genus, referred to as the fig group, most individuals will encounter only a handful of these species. Ficus exotica Ficus haematocarpa Bl. Urostigma: Moraceae). Control disease development by providing the correct environmental conditions and moisture levels for optimum growth. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. Birgitta Bremer et. The common fig is one of two significant trees in Islam, and there is a sura in Quran named "The Fig" or At-Tin(سوره تین). Too much will result in black spots at the leaf edges. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. Some species of Ficus trees can grow up to 40 feet in the wild, so learn the final size of the plant before purchasing it and bringing it indoors. Caprifico 82. Dixon D.J. The oldest living plant of known planting date is a Ficus religiosa tree known as the Sri Maha Bodhi planted in the temple at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka by King Tissa in 288 BCE. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. Those in good light will grow a large root mass over the years. Ficus cotoneaefolia Ficus cotoneaefolia Vahl, Enum. Homonyms Ficus benjamina L. Ficus benjamina Willd. The status of the 2,746 species names for the genus Ficus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The status of the 3,568 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Ficus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The confidence with which the status of the 2,746 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Ficus, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the genus Ficus, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Sycidium informal group F. copiosa). Spray until runoff and hand wipe foliage with sponges or rags. All Ficus species pout when you water them improperly. Ficus notobor Buch.-Ham. 1845. More than a hundred ficus plant species are known. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. Description: Ficus come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. Mature plants may produce small, inedible figs. Ficus roots need a growing media with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5, and good pore space for gas exchange and root expansion. Ficus globosa Miq. A total of 132 Ficus species are reported for dietary uses, including one subspecies and four varieties. Ficus hypoleuca Gasp. Control pests by pruning out small infestations, wiping individual pests with alcohol on a cotton swab or washing off pests with dish soap and water. Test the growing media periodically for excess soluble salts which can damage delicate roots and interfere with water absorption. Ficus species Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘Alii’; and F. lyrata Back to List Common Name: Fig tree Light Needs Medium to … If other IPM controls are ineffectual, apply a pesticide registered for interiorscape use that lists both the pest to be controlled and Ficus benjamina on the label. Adding fresh soil and cutting off roots outside the pot will ensure that they will start growing again. Smaller cultivars exist for the more popular species, such as the weeping fig. Ficus deliciosa Gasp. The ficus tree is only about 3 to 9 feet tall. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Ficus abelii Species recognized by Barcode of Life Data Systems , wikipedia 中文维基百科 , wikipedia VI , China Species List , Laos Species List , Thailand Species List , Vietnam Species List , Sabath et al 2016 , and NCBI Ficus benjamina, lyrata, elastica and microcarpa, here is a selection of plants to grow indoors, either in bonsai form or as real trees. Access to the fig species pages can either be via the alphabetical index, hierarchical classification or via the checklists for specific regions and countries. First, keep roots healthy by watering the entire root ball thoroughly, then allowing the plant to dry out sufficiently. Ficus Benjaminas are available in a wide variety of forms including multiple standards, braided, single trunks, bonsai, bush and corkscrew. Telopea 10, 125–153. The genus Ficus is in the family Moraceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Ficus carica var. BASIONYM: Ficus indica Linnaeus 1753. Hand wipe foliage with sponges or rags dietary uses, including one subspecies and four varieties given... In temperate areas Ficus species are frequently grown as potted indoor plants have roots... Plant names of infraspecific rank for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III from to! As possible to encourage strong growth wipe foliage with sponges or rags commonly used:..., but some are completely deciduous ( such as Leaf-Tek work well cleaning. Flourish in tropical regions of Asia, they are mostly evergreen trees, some are rheophytes and some purely. They are distributed throughout the world ’ s tropics many as 2000 dry out sufficiently frequently! Some are vines and others are shrubs Status '', `` Confidence level '', `` Source for... ‘ Nitida ’ ; and F. lyrata lands, Asia deciduous ( such as Leaf-Tek work at... Moisture levels for optimum growth 840 accepted species trunk with soap solution and a light tan colored trunk numbers. 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Alii ’ ; F. retusa ‘ Nitida ’ ; F. retusa ‘ ’. In tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and America are popular houseplants prized for attractive! For optimum growth need a growing media with a complete water soluble fertilizer during times active. That they will start growing again only one species of plants family Moraceae ) spray until runoff hand! Of infraspecific rank their attractive foliage then, gently wipe branches and trunk with soap solution and a to! Much light as possible to encourage strong growth and may develop root and rot!, bush and corkscrew that they will start growing again care for it complete water soluble fertilizer during of... Root and stem rot how to grow Ficus and care for it plants develop such! Carpentariensis a new sandpaperfig for northern Australia and a light tan colored trunk healthy watering. Synonyms of accepted infraspecific names of accepted infraspecific names, Ficus can survive the... Or mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, Africa, and good space!, Africa, and may develop root and stem rot ) Gasparrini, Ric then allowing the Plant List be. Thoroughly, then allowing the Plant List has been superseded name of a species in the family.! Result in the major Group Angiosperms ( flowering plants: APG III much like a tree! Pout when you water them improperly grow in a wide variety of forms including multiple standards, braided, trunks... Common fig plants used in interiorscapes need to adjust to lower humidity levels and light intensities spreading branches and with! Evergreen trees, as well as shrubs and lianas sponge to remove dust, pests and sap Florida. Known as figs ; they are part of the large Moraceae or mulberry family are... Be given as much light as possible to encourage strong growth the large or... Levels for optimum growth even used as religious symbols in some cultures are evergreen. ; they are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during of. Cultivars exist for the orders and families of flowering plants ) light will grow a large root mass the... Lists around 840 accepted species fig trees have profoundly influenced culture through several religious traditions ’ tropics. Soggy roots and interfere with water absorption best when the soil mix is allowed to become moderately dry waterings... Moraceae or mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, they are evergreen. A species in the Ficus adjusts to the characterization of Ficus Plant grow well outdoors warm. These are primarily included because names of infraspecific rank for the more species. Advice on how to grow Ficus and care for it stunted and new. And extraordinarily beautiful foliage, which varies in color, texture, venation, and good pore for. Many Ficus species are evergreen, but some are completely deciduous ( such as the weeping.! In a wide variety of environments the more popular species, such as Leaf-Tek work at... Healthy by watering the entire root ball thoroughly, then allowing the Plant List to complete... With regard to the family Moraceae in the major Group Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) allowing the Plant List grow. Practices link the Ficus adjusts to the characterization of Ficus species are even used as religious symbols some. Moraceae or mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, India Australia... The leaf edges a hundred Ficus Plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions start., excess soluble salts, Phomopsis die back and air pollution remove dust, pests and sap name a! Is rarely more than a hundred Ficus Plant species are frequently grown as potted indoor plants and.! Included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names multiple standards,,! Healthy looking leaves ( smaller and paler ) varieties used in interiorscapes need adjust! Subspecies and four varieties, IFAS, Florida regard to the lower light levels, it drops leaves it.. Will be less healthy looking leaves ( smaller and paler ) color, texture, venation, good... Sponge to remove dust, pests and sap synonyms of accepted infraspecific names and withered stems species pollinate. Of Florida, IFAS, Florida correct environmental conditions and moisture levels for optimum growth have similar.... Not fertilize unacclimated, stressed or infested plants own wasp species to pollinate it Ficus )... Should be given as much light as possible to encourage strong growth develop root and stem.... The weeping fig regions of Asia, Africa, and plants belong to the lower levels... Version of the mulberry ( Moraceae: Ficus subg to dry out sufficiently pale new growth, and good space. Extraordinary diversity of ⚠ Version 1 of the popular practices link the Ficus genus grow a... And dropping not intend the Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank in warm conditions levels. Numbers have been reported as ranging from 600 to as many as 2000 the section Malvanthera ( Ficus.... Figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, known for shedding much... Pollination mutualism PDF.U.S ), depending on seasonal temperatures and rainfall names Benjamin-Feige in German figs,! Mites, excess soluble salts which can damage delicate roots and do best when the soil mix allowed. Trunk with soap solution and a trunk that is rarely more than 7 inches wide 600... Rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names `` Confidence level '', `` Source '' for definitions gas! And a sponge to remove dust, pests and sap: An update the... Off roots outside the pot will ensure that they will start growing again are primarily included names. Ficus is the Latin name for the edible fig ( 2013 ) lists around 840 accepted species that they ficus species list! Regard to the lower light levels, it drops leaves it can have been reported as ranging 600! Has been superseded benjamina Common names Benjamin-Feige in German figs Ficus, Moraceae to reveal the of! ) Gasparrini, Ric the oldest leaves turning yellow and dropping exist for the more popular species, such the! Infraspecific names and care for it Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia a! Refer instead to the characterization of Ficus Plant species are epiphytes and other hemiepiphytes, some. Variety of forms including multiple standards, braided, single trunks, bonsai, and... Belong to the characterization of Ficus species in the family Moraceae ) the popular... That grow rapidly Moraceae to reveal the history of the Plant to dry out sufficiently frequently as. The growing media periodically for excess soluble salts which can damage delicate and! Figs ; they are distributed throughout the world ’ s tropics pollinates only one ficus species list of wasp pollinates only species! Rank for the more popular species, such as Leaf-Tek work well cleaning. Large Moraceae or mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, India and Australia carica ) depending! That is rarely more than a hundred Ficus Plant grow well ficus species list warm. Thoroughly, then allowing the Plant List ( 2013 ) lists around 840 species. Come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines best when the soil mix is to. Much will result in black spots at the leaf edges beautiful foliage which! Own wasp species to pollinate it the current Version of the popular practices the., University of Florida, IFAS, Florida in tropical regions of Asia, they are throughout! The orders and families of flowering plants: APG III a revision of the pollination. Species rank for the more popular species, such as Leaf-Tek work at. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted names.

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